Web Design Terminology and Glossary
Over recent months, many businesses have had to take to online sales as the COVID pandemic took hold. High streets retailers and small businesses struggled to maintain sales to keep in business, many took to online portals to sell their services and products.
Many businesses will attempt to produce websites in-house or via a low cost online web application to achieve this aim but fail to understand design terminology, so we have listed a small Web terminology glossary to hopefully be of aid.
Some of these terms I’m sure you’re already familiar with and this list is not complete, but provides a basis for basic understanding.
Accessibility – Context of a web site that is usable for people with disabilities, such as access for the visually impaired, hearing impaired, physically impaired and colour blind people.
Anchor – An anchor is a link that links within the same page of the web page.
Backlink – A backlink is a link from another website to your own. Links from related sites to yours can improve your ranking in search engines.
Blog – A blog is a website that an individual or group of users make frequent updates to, to record opinions and information on a regular basis.
CAPTCHA – A CAPTCHA is a part of a web form that attempts to validate that the person filling out the form is a person, and not a bot. Its objective is to reduce spam.
Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) – A style sheet language that defines the look and feel of HTML documents. Cascading Style Sheets can define fonts, colours, background images, layouts, and more.
CMS – A content management system (CMS) is a system used to manage the content of a Web site. CMS allows publishing, editing and the modifying of content, whilst keeping design intack.
E-commerce – Ecommerce is the sale and purchase of goods and services on the internet or through other electronic systems.
External link – External links or outbound links are links that link to another website on the internet.
Favicon – A favicon, also known as a shortcut icon, website icon, URL icon, or bookmark icon is a small graphic that sits in your Favourites Menu after you bookmark a page.
Font – Typeface, defining the size, family, weight, and style of text.
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) – A standard for the exchange of program and data files across a network.
GIF – A graphic format suited for flat colour images, often used for animated images.
HTML Editor – Software that allows you to create Web pages.
Host – Provides the infrastructure (servers and networking) for a Web site.
HTML – Hypertext Markup Language, The language used to write Web pages. Its code is rendered by a browser to display Web page.
Hyperlink – A graphic or piece of text that links to another web page.
Internal link – A link that links to another page of the same site or domain.
JPG or JPEG – Graphics file, usually used for photographs or images with many colours.
Meta Tag – A line of HTML coding that contains metadata about a webpage, which provides search engines with information about the website.
PNG – A raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression.
SEO – Search Engine Optimization. SEO is the process of affecting the visibility of a website or a web page in a search engine’s “natural” or un-paid (“organic”) search results.
URL – Uniform Resource Locator. The address of a web page or other resource on the internet.